Assigning employees to work in Norway
Foreign enterprises must consider a large number of issues when assigning employees to work in Norway. Visma Advokater is the professional partner that assists both foreign employers and expatriates with Norwegian compliance obligations. We also solve legal issues related to Norwegian tax and social security contribution, employment contracts and labour law as well as other relevant areas of commercial law.
Work in Norway – Employer’s registration and reporting obligations
All enterprises that have employees working in Norway must obtain a Norwegian organisation number by registering with the centralised company registers.
Non-Norwegian employers that assign employees to work in Norway under a contract are normally obliged to report the contract and the employees to a particular tax office at the so-called RF-1199 form. Note that the principal of the contract is jointly responsible for fling the same report. The report is due within 14 days of the commencement of the work and failure to report may result in severe penalties.
Further, the employer is obliged to file monthly electronical reports to the tax authorities for each employee regarding the salary, the withholding tax deducted, the social security contribution, etc.
The employer must provide each employee with an annual statement that specifies the total salary, including all benefits and the tax deducted.
As a consequence of the assignment, the employer may become subject to pay Norwegian employer social security contribution and potentially also Norwegian corporate tax.
Work in Norway - Employee’s registration and reporting obligations
The employee must obtain a Norwegian ID-number (so-called “D-number”) and a tax deduction card. In order to obtain these, the employee must meet in person at a tax office and undergo an ID-control.
If the employee is resident in Norway for tax purposes, the person is liable for tax on his global income and capital. Persons not resident in Norway are generally only liable to tax on income from sources in Norway, including salary from work performed in Norway.
Based on the reports filed by the employer the tax office will normally submit a pre-completed individual tax return in March in the year after the income year. The employee must review the tax return and correct the return by claiming deductions or corrections.
In Norway, salary is taxed at progressive rates of up to 38.52 %. In addition, all members of the Norwegian social security system must pay 8.2 % in employee social security contribution.